Liver Diseases

Liver Diseases


Yakrut vikaras been mentioned in susurutha and charaka samhitha.acharya voghbatta explained about yakrut khanda and its diseases.here yakrutkhanda is liver. so its clear that before 5000 years the aacharyas were very throw about the liver disease. according to ayurveda liver gives red colour to blood.

 

The liver is like your body’s engine and processing plant that is largely responsible for the generation, digestion, and metabolism of various essential compounds, as well as for the filtration of blood and distribution of vital nutrients.

 

Viral hepatitis is an inflammatory disease of the liver, as there are several types. Hepatitis A is transferred through contaminated water or food. The other two types of hepatitits – ? and ?, are very dangerous, they can become chronic and the people infected with them may transfer the disease for a long time, without having any symptoms of the condition.

 

Cirrhosis is a condition in which your liver is scarred and permanently damaged. Scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue and prevents your liver from working normally. Causes include alcoholic liver disease, non alcoholic fatty liver disease, chronic hepatitis C, and chronic hepatitis B. usuallyWeight loss and loss of appetite, Weakness and fatigue, Jaundice.

 

Therapeutic intervention of liver disease is based on the principles of udara cikits? (management of ascites) as the clinical picture of uncomplicated cirrhotic ascites was comparable with yak?t udara. In ayurveda retreat chronic liver diseases are treated with panchakarama treatments like snehapaana (internal ghee drinking),virechana (purgation), vasti(medicated cleansing enema), along with internal herbal medications which will revive the liver cells.

Liver disease in ayurveda

In ayurveda liver is addressed as yakrut. The diseases which affects the liver is called as yakrut vikaras.

Caraka-The great physician of ayurveda in the 19th chapter of Sutra Sthana and 13th chapter of Cikitsa Sthana has enumerated liver diseases under 8 types of Udara-Roga. Similarly Susruta –the great surgeon of all time also gave the detailed description of liver diseases in his text sushruta samhita.

Etiology of liver disease

Intake of excessively hot, saline, Alkaline, Vidahi (which causes burning sensation), sour and poisonous food and drinks (Gara visha) . Rooksha, Viruddha, Ashuchi Bhojana – Intake of dry, mutually contradictory and unclean food Pleeha Arsha Grahani Dosha Karshana – Emaciation as a consequence of diseases, like Pliha Splenic disorders), Arsas (piles) and Grahani Dosha (sprue syndrome) .

Negligence of treatment of diseases, like Pliha Roga (splenic disorder) and the consequential unctuousness in the body. Karma Vibhramaat – Suppression of the manifested natural urges ,Continued presence of Ama (product of improper digestion and metabolism) in the body etc.

Fatty Liver Disease,Alcohol induced liver disease and Liver Fibrosis

Alcohol is a major cause of liver disease. liver disease due to alcohol is common and presents in a number of guises including fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis. it is difficult to estimate the incidence of each, as in many cases the disease may go undiagnosed (particularly fatty liver)

Fatty Liver Disease (FLD) is a condition where normal liver tissue is replaced by more than 5-6 percent fat. In FLD, the accumulation of fat can cause inflammation, cell death, and scarring – a condition called steatohepatitis. Left untreated, steatohepatitis can lead to liver fibrosis which causes diminished blood flow throughout the liver and a buildup of scar tissue. Without treatment, liver fibrosis may lead to cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer.

Management

In ayurveda retreat hospital coonoor we administer special panchakarma treatments like Snehap?na (therapeutic oral administration of lipids) followed by virecana (purgation) was done after an initial course of nityavirecana (daily purgation) along with special herbal medication called  Vardham?na pippal? ras?yana [administration of single drug - pippal? (piper longum) in a structured dose pattern] is administered with an intention of rejuvenating liver cells.

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