Diabetes mellitus commonly known as blood sugar is a common and very alarming disease affecting about 30 % of world population. India has the largest Diabetes population in the world with an estimated around 40 million people, amounting to 6% -8% of the adult population.
The history of diabetes mellitus (madhumeha) can be traced back in 1000 BC (Caraka Samhita). Descriptions concerning the disease and its management are available in all Ayurvedic literature.
Caraka Samhita (1000 BC) and Susruta Samhita (1000-600 BC) defined madhumeha-diabetes mellitus as the disease in which the patient will have frequent urination characterized by astringent and sweet taste.
The high sugar levels in the blood produces the classical symptoms of madumeha viz- polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).
All causative factors described in Ayurvedic classics prove that it is a life style disorder and which may have a genetic predisposition.